Corruption Monitoring System (CMS) of Coalition 2000 includes a system of empirical studies and analytical reports. The main objective of CMS is to periodically present information, which would enable conclusions about the scope of corruption in the country, as well about the related public attitudes, assessments and expectations.

I. Coalition 2000 Initiative and Corruption Monitoring System

The main objective of the anti-corruption initiative of Coalition 2000 is the enhancement of public intolerance towards corruption as an element of the democratic values and practical implementation of mechanisms which lead to greater transparency, trust, and integrity. This will be achieved by developing an Anti-Corruption Action Plan for Bulgaria (AP), conducting an Anti-Corruption Awareness Campaign and implementing the Corruption Monitoring System (CMS). The CMS is based on regularly conducted empirical studies.

In greater detail the Coalition 2000 initiative will aim to:

• Promote public awareness of corruption and establish mechanisms to support anti-corruption efforts through public education, advocacy and dissemination of information.

• Assist democratic institution building, promotion of democratic values, and elaboration of an anti-corruption Action Plan by organizing panels of experts and legislators to develop amendments to the institutional arrangements and regulatory framework that help restrain corruption, particularly among public officials.

• Serve as a “watchdog” of the reform process, focusing attention on practical implementation of transparent and clear rules of the game, integrity, and democratic control.

The model of impact chosen by Coalition 2000 aimed at curbing corruption could be produced following a three stage process including: cognitive change (this involves problem diagnostics and formulation of a research-based impact strategy); inducing affect (this is the process of converting messages into emotional/moral commitments); behavior change (this involves inducing people to change some aspects of their actual behavior and transforming moral disapproval into an action agenda of the public).

The model includes three basic targets of an anti-corruption campaign which address the principle factors of corruption: monopoly (which in the case of Bulgaria is the predominance of the state in the economy and other sectors of social life), discretionary power (i.e. the lack of clear administrative rules and regulations) and accountability (i.e. poor functioning of watchdog agencies or lack of such agencies).

The Coalition 2000 process is structured in three main components where the CMS is designed to perform several specific functions:

Component 1: Corruption Assessment and Development of an Anti-Corruption Action Plan

Corruption Diagnostics. The first CMS panel of surveys is to be conducted at the initial stage of the project. At this initial stage, the CMS will be the major diagnostic tool. It will help evaluate the status of corruption in different areas of public life and to map the specific characteristics of the perceptions of the general public, public officials, experts, and political decision makers. The findings of the first surveys are to be presented to the group of experts who are drafting the Anti-Corruption Action Plan. The major function of the CMS in the initial stage of the project is to help experts in the drafting process.

Corruption Assessment. The full analysis of the findings produced from the first CMS panel of surveys will be presented in the Corruption Assessment Report (CAR). The CAR will be prepared on a yearly basis and presented at the Public Policy Forum. In addition to corruption assessment the second and third CAR will evaluate the progress made in curbing corruption and influencing public perceptions and attitudes.

Component 2: Anti-Corruption Awareness Campaign

All the activities of Coalition 2000 under this component could be divided into two basic groups:

• A system of activities aimed at changing public attitudes towards corruption. The awareness campaign is intended to promote public awareness of corruption and to create in Bulgarian society a climate of rejection of corruption.

• Practical action-based pilot initiatives, which could test the effectiveness of various anti-corruption normative and socio-psychological mechanisms in a specific region and/or settlement.

The CMS surveys are to be conducted in the course of the activities associated with this component. Their functions related to this specific component are:

Targeting. Surveys included in the CMS will help identify specific target audiences (based on attitudes and perceptions) for the practical initiatives of Coalition 2000. The CMS will also help identify the most effective media channels for reaching the specific audiences.

Message design. Some of the CMS surveys are specifically targeted at testing and tailoring the messages of Coalition 2000. This will help the awareness campaign achieve maximum efficiency.

Analysis of patterns of corrupt behavior. CMS survey results and analysis will be one of the essential content elements of the awareness campaign. In this respect the CMS will be a major provider of analysis aimed at generating public debate on corruption issues in Bulgarian society.

Component 3: Monitoring of corruption and corrupt behavior

The basic functions of the CMS itself are related to its major outputs: the Corruption Indices of Coalition 2000 and the Corruption Assessment Report.

Corruption indices are based on the surveys included in the CMS and will summarize the most important corruption indicator variables to evaluate/measure the level of proliferation of corrupt practices in different spheres of society. The Corruption Indices of Coalition 2000 will be published four times a year.

The Corruption Assessment Report is to be published yearly and will summarize the results of all the CMS surveys conducted during the year.

In addition, the other functions of the CMS are:

• To provide reliable feedback about the effectiveness of the anti-corruption initiatives of Coalition 2000;

• To maintain, on the basis of the collected information, regular feedback with the relevant institutions in order to support the implementation of mechanisms that would constrain corrupt practices.