III. Structure of the Corruption
Monitoring System

1. Structure of the CMS

The CMS includes several basic types of surveys (coded from S1 to S7 in the table below) which are to be conducted with different periodicity.

Survey ID Survey Type Time-frame

S1 Quantitative national representative Quarterly
survey of the population

S2 Quantitative survey of public officials Quarterly

S3 Focus group discussions with experts Quarterly

S4 Focus group discussions with public Yearly
officials

S5 In-depth interviews with policy makers Yearly

S6 Media monitoring Monthly

S7 Testing awareness campaign When necessary
messages of the Coalition 2000 with
the Perception Analyzer System

The surveys conducted quarterly are included in the Corruption Monitoring Panel. Corruption Indices are computed from the quantitative surveys included in the CMS (S1, S2, and S6). They make it possible to estimate the dynamics of public attitudes and actions, characterizing different aspects of corruption-related phenomena. Regular observations also provide feedback on the effectiveness of the anti-corruption initiatives in Bulgarian society and on the progress toward achieving the goals of Coalition 2000. Qualitative studies included in the Corruption Monitoring Panel (S3, S4, S5) will be used to improve and refine CMS design and methodology.

Once a year the Corruption Monitoring Panel will be expanded with the surveys S4 and S5. On the basis of the extended Corruption Monitoring Panel, a Corruption Assessment Report will be prepared for the annual Policy Forum. The report will summarize the results of all surveys conducted in the preceding 12 months and will derive conclusions about the scope and dimensions of corruption in the country. The Corruption Assessment Report will also evaluate the effectiveness of anti-corruption initiatives. The first Corruption Assessment Report for 1998 will be prepared and disseminated in December 1998.

2. Stages of Implementation of the CMS

Development and implementation of the CMS is to be accomplished during the following stages:

Stage 1: Elaboration and testing of the first version of the CMS methodology

Duration

6 months (April 1998 September 1998)

Main purposes:

 development of the design and methodology of CMS surveys;

 submission of initial data to the experts of Coalition 2000, working on the anti-corruption Action Plan.

Information sources:

Development of the CMS is based on the experience and information gained from the following surveys, conducted by Vitosha Research with the Center for the Study of Democracy:

 qualitative study (focus group discussions) on the problems of interactions between citizens and public sector officials. It was conducted in October 1996 in the framework of a joint international project with Glasgow University, Scotland;

 four national representative surveys of the Bulgarian population on the problems of public tolerance towards different forms of corrupt behavior. The surveys were based on national representative random samples and have been conducted in March 1997, September 1997, January 1998, and May 1998;

 Representative quantitative survey of the population (national sample) on the problems of the interaction between citizens and public sector officials. The survey was conducted in January 1998 in the framework of a joint international project with Glasgow University, Scotland.

Surveys S3, S4, and S5 are used to elaborate the methodology of S1, S2 and S7. At the same time, the methodology of the initial qualitative studies is based on the experience and results of the quantitative surveys listed above.

Activities:

Creating the initial CMS information database including the surveys S1, S2, S3, S4, S5 and S6.

Stage 2: Improvement of the CMS methodology

Duration:

3 months (September 1998 December 1998)

Main purposes:

 Establishing an Expert Council and reviewing the CMS methodology;

 Improvement of the CMS methodology which is to be implemented at the next stage;

 Preparation and review of the first versions of the CMS reports:

 Corruption Indices of Coalition 2000;

 1998 Corruption Assessment Report.

Information sources:

The initial CMS information database including the surveys S1, S2, S3, S4, S5 and S6.

Activities:

1. Elaboration of:

 Corruption Indices of Coalition 2000;

Corruption Assessment Report.

2. Review of the reports in the Expert Council and publication

3. Development of the second modified version of the design and the methodology of the CMS

Stage 3: Current Corruption Monitoring

Duration:

January 1999 December 2001

Main purposes:

 Implementation of the regular surveys included in the CMS;

 Preparation and publication of the reports:

Corruption Indices of Coalition 2000;

Corruption Assessment Report.

Information sources:

CMS surveys

Activities:

 Regular implementation of the surveys included in the CMS;

 Preparation and publication of the reports:

Corruption Indices of Coalition 2000;

Corruption Assessment Report.