Fundamental Rights and Obligations of Citizens
(2) A person of Bulgarian origin shall acquire Bulgarian citizenship through a facilitated procedure.
(3) No one shall be deprived of a Bulgarian citizenship acquired by birth.
(4) No citizen of the Republic of Bulgaria shall be expatriated, or extradited to another state.
(5) Any Bulgarian citizen abroad shall be accorded the protection of the Republic of Bulgaria.
(6) The conditions and procedure for the acquiring, preservation or loss of Bulgarian citizenship shall be established by a law.
(2) Foreigners residing in the Republic of Bulgaria shall be vested with all ` rights and obligations proceeding from this Constitution, except those rights and obligations for which a Bulgarian citizenship is required by this Constitution or by another law.
(2) The Republic of Bulgaria shall grant asylum to foreigners persecuted for their opinions or activity in the defense of' internationally recognized rights and freedoms.
(3) The conditions and procedure for the granting of asylum shall be established by a law.
Article 28. Everyone shall have the right to life. Any attempt upon a human life shall be punished as a most severe crime.
(2) No one shall be subjected to medical, scientific or other experimentation without his voluntary written consent.
(2) No one shall be detained or subjected to inspection, search or any other infringement of his personal inviolability except on the conditions and in a manner established by a law.
(3) The state authorities shall be free to detain a citizen only in the urgent circumstances expressly stipulated by a law, and shall immediately advise the judicial authorities accordingly. The judicial authorities shall rule on the legality of a detention within the next 24 hours.
(4) Everyone shall be entitled to legal counsel from the moment of detention or from the moment of being charged.
(5) Everyone shall be entitled to meet his legal counsel in private. The confidentiality of such communication shall be inviolable.
(1) Anyone charged with a crime shall be brought
before a court within the time established by a law.
(2) No one shall be followed, photographed, filmed, recorded or subjected to any other similar activity without his knowledge or despite his express disapproval, except when such actions are permitted by a law.
(2) Entry or stay inside a home without the consent of its occupant or without the judicial authorities' permission shall be allowed only for the purposes of preventing an immediately impending crime or a crime in progress, for the capture of a criminal, or in extreme necessity.
(2) Exceptions to this provision shall be allowed only with the permission of the judicial authorities for the purpose of discovering or preventing a grave crime.
(2) Every Bulgarian citizen shall have the right to return to the country.
(2) Citizens whose mother tongue is not Bulgarian shall have the right to study and use their own language alongside the compulsory study of the Bulgarian language.
(3) The situations in which only the official language shall be used shall be established by a law.
(2) The freedom of conscience and religion shall not be practiced to the detriment of national security, public order, public health and morals, or of the rights and freedoms of others.
Article 38. No one shall be persecuted or restricted in his rights because of his views, nor shall be obligated or forced to provide information about his own or another person's views.
(2) This right shall not be used to the detriment of the rights and reputation of others, or for the incitement of a forcible change of the constitutionally established order, the perpetration of a crime, or the incitement of enmity or violence against anyone.
(2) An injunction on or a confiscation of printed matter or another information medium shall be allowed only through an act of the judicial authorities in the case of an encroachment on public decency or incitement of a forcible change of the constitutionally established order, the perpetration of a crime, or the incitement of violence against anyone. An injunction suspension shall lose force if not followed by a confiscation within 24 hours.
(2) Citizens shall be entitled to obtain information from state bodies and agencies on any matter of legitimate interest to them which is not a state or official secret and does not affect the rights of others.
(2) The organization and procedure for the holding of elections and referendums shall be established by a law.
(2) The procedure for the organizing and holding of meetings and manifestations shall be established by a law.
(3) No notice to the municipal authorities shall be required for meetings held indoors.
(2) No organization shall act to the detriment of the country's sovereignty and national integrity, or the unity of the nation, nor shall it incite racial, national, ethnic or religious enmity or an encroachment on the rights and freedoms of citizens; no organization shall establish clandestine or paramilitary structures or shall seek to attain its aims through violence.
(3) The law shall establish which organizations shall be subject to registration, the procedure for their termination, and their relationships with the state.
Article 45. Citizens shall have the right to lodge complaints, proposals and petitions with the state authorities.
(2) Spouses shall have equal rights and obligations in matrimony and the family.
(3) The form of a marriage, the conditions and procedure for its conclusion and termination, and all private and material relations between the spouses shall be established by a law.
(2) Mothers shall be the object of special protection on the part of the state and shall be guaranteed prenatal and postnatal leave, free obstetric care, alleviated working conditions and other social assistance.
(3) Children born out of wedlock shall enjoy equal rights with those born in wedlock.
(4) Abandoned children shall enjoy the protection of the state and society.
(5) The conditions and procedure for the restriction or suspension of parental rights shall be established by a law.
(2) The state shall create conditions conducive to the exercise of the right to work by the physically or mentally handicapped.
(3) Everyone shall be free to choose an occupation and place of work.
(4) No one shall be compelled to do forced labour.
(5) Workers and employees shall be entitled to healthy and non-hazardous working conditions, to guaranteed minimum pay and remuneration for the actual work performed, and to rest and leave, in accordance with conditions and procedures established by a law.
Article 49. (1) Workers and employees shall be free to form trade union organizations and alliances in defense of their interests related to work and social security. (2) Employers shall be free to associate in defense of their economic interests.
Article 50. Workers and employees shall have the right to strike in defense of their collective economic and social interests. This right shall be exercised in accordance with conditions and procedures established by a law.
(2) The state shall provide social security for the temporarily unemployed in accordance with conditions and procedures established by a law.
(3) The aged without relatives and unable to support themselves, as well as the physically and mentally handicapped shall enjoy the special protection of the state and society.
(2) Citizens‚ medical care shall be financed from the state budget, by employers, through private and collective health-insurance schemes, and from other sources in accordance with conditions and procedures established by a law.
(3) The state shall protect the health of citizens and shall promote the development of sports and tourism.
(4) No one shall be subject to forcible medical treatment or sanitary measures except in circumstances established by a law. The state shall exercise control over all medical facilities and over the production and trade in pharmaceuticals, biologically active substances and medical equipment.
(2) School attendance up to the age of 16 shall be compulsory.
(3) Primary and secondary education in state and municipal schools shall be free. In circumstances established by a law, the higher educational establishments shall provide education free of charge.
(4) Higher educational establishments shall enjoy academic autonomy.
(5) Citizens and organizations shall be free to found schools m accordance with conditions and procedures established by a law. The education they provide shall fit the requirements of the state.
(6) The state shall promote education by opening and financing schools, by supporting capable school and university students, and by providing opportunities for occupational training and retraining. It shall exercise control over all kinds and levels of schooling.
(2) Artistic, scientific and technological creativity shall be recognized and guaranteed by the law.
(3) The state shall protect all inventors' rights, copyrights and related rights.
Article 55. Citizens shall have the right to a healthy and favourable environment corresponding to the established standards and norms. They shall protect the environment.
Article 56. Everyone shall have the right to legal defense whenever his rights or legitimate interests are violated or endangered. He shall have the right to be accompanied by legal counsel when appearing before an agency of the state.
(2) Rights shall not be abused, nor shall they be exercised to the detriment of the rights or the legitimate interests of others.
(3) Following a proclamation of war, martial law or a state of emergency the exercise of individual civil rights may be temporarily curtailed by a law, except for the rights established by Article 28, Article 29, Article 31 para 1, 2 and 3, Article 32 para 1, and Article 37.
(2) Obligations established by the Constitution and the law shall not be defaulted upon on grounds of religious or other convictions.
(2) The carrying out of military obligations, and the conditions and procedure for exemption therefrom or for replacing them with alternative service shall be established by a law.
Article 61. Citizens shall assist the state and society in the case of a natural or other disaster, on conditions and in a manner established by a law.