Chapter One: Fundamental Principles
Chapter Two: Fundamental Rights and Obligations
Chapter Three: National Assembly
Chapter Four: President of the Republic
Chapter Five: Council of Ministers
Chapter Six: Judicial Power
Chapter Seven: Local Self-Government and Local
Chapter Eight: Constitutional Court
Chapter Nine: Amendments to the Constitution. Adoption
of a New Constitution
Chapter Ten: Coat of Arms, Seal, Flag, Anthem,
Transitional and Concluding Provisions
(1) The Constitutional Court shall consist of 12
justices, one-third of whom shall be elected by the National Assembly,
one-third shall be appointed by the President, and one-third shall be elected
by a joint meeting of the justices of the Supreme Court of Cassation and
the Supreme Administrative Court.
(2) The justices of the Constitutional
Court shall be elected or appointed for a period of nine years and shall
not be eligible for re-election or re-appointment. The make-up of the Constitutional
Court shall be renewed every three years from each quota, in a rotation
order established by a law.
(3) The justices of the Constitutional Court
shall be lawyers of high professional and moral integrity and with at least
fifteen years of professional experience.
(4) The justices of the Constitutional
Court shall elect by secret ballot a Chairman of the Court for a period
of three years.
(5) The status of a justice of the Constitutional Court
shall be incompatible with a representative mandate, or any state or public
post, or membership in a political party or trade union, or with the practicing
of a free, commercial, or any other paid occupation.
(6) A justice of the
Constitutional Court shall enjoy the same immunity as a Member of the National
(1) The mandate of a justice of the Constitutional
Court shall expire upon any of the following occurrences: 1. the expiry
of the term of office; 2. resignation submitted before the Constitutional
Court; 3. the enforcement of a prison sentence for a deliberate crime;
4. actual incapacitation which has lasted for more than one year; 5. incompatibility
with an office or activity pursuant to Article 147 para 5. 6. death.
(2) The Constitutional Court shall lift a justice's immunity or establish his
actual incapacity to perform his duties by a secret ballot requiring a
majority of at least two-thirds of the votes of all justices.
(3) Should the mandate of a Constitutional Court justice be terminated, a new justice
from the same quota shall be appointed or elected within one month.
(1) The Constitutional Court shall: 1. provide binding
interpretations of the Constitution; 2. rule on challenges to the constitutionality
of the laws and other acts passed by the National Assembly and the acts
of the President; 3. rule on competence suits between the National Assembly,
the President and the Council of Ministers, and between the bodies of local
self-government and the central executive branch of government; 4. rule
on the compatibility between the Constitution and the international instruments
concluded by the Republic of Bulgaria prior to their ratification, and
on the compatibility of domestic laws with the universally recognized norms
of international law and the international instruments to which Bulgaria
is a party; 5. rule on challenges to the constitutionality of political
parties and associations; 6. rule on challenges to the legality of the
election of the President and Vice President; 7. rule on challenges to
the legality of an election of a Member of the National Assembly; 8. rule
on impeachment by the National Assembly against the President or the Vice
(2) No authority of the Constitutional Court shall be vested
or suspended by a law.
(1) The Constitutional Court shall act on an initiative
from not fewer than one-fifth of all Members of the National Assembly,
the President, the Council of Ministers, the Supreme Court of Cassation,
the Supreme Administrative Court or the Chief Prosecutor. A challenge to
competence pursuant to para 1 subpara 3 of the preceding Article may further
be filed by a municipal council.
(2) Should it find a discrepancy between
a law and the Constitution, the Supreme Court of Cassation or the Supreme
Administrative Court shall suspend the proceedings on a case and shall
refer the matter to the Constitutional Court.
(1) A ruling of the Constitutional Court shall require
a majority of more than half of the votes of all justices.
of the Constitutional Court shall be promulgated in Durzhaven Vestnik within
15 days from the date on which they are issued. A ruling shall come into
force three days after its promulgation. Any act found to be unconstitutional
shall cease to apply as of the date on which the ruling shall come into
(3) Any portion of a law which is not ruled unconstitutional shall
remain in force.
Article 152. The organization and the manner of proceeding of
the Constitutional Court shall be established by a law.
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