Historical notes.

The institution of the President of the Republic institution was established in April 1990 by way of amending the 1971 Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria.

The amendment postulated that the President shall be elected by the National Assembly y a qualified a majority. In April 1990, the 35th National Assembly elected Mr Petar Mladenov to the position of President (at that time Chair of the State Council), who resigned in July 1990.

In August 1990, the newly elected 7th Grand National Assembly elected to the position Mr Zhelyu Zhelev (former chair of the Coordination Council of the Union of the Democratic Forces).

The first direct election for President and Vice-President were carried out under the newly adopted Constitution (August 1991) in two rounds, conducted on January 12 and 19, 1992, respectively. The elections were won by Mr Zhelyu Zhelev as President and Mrs Blaga Dimitrova as Vice-President.

On June 30, 1993, Vice-President Mrs B. Dimitrova resigned due to dissent with the President's policy. Her powers were consequently suspended by the Constitutional Court prior to the expiry of the mandate.

The second presidential elections for President and Vice-President were held on Oct. 27 and Nov. 3, 1996, and are won by the candidates of the United Democratic Forces Mr Petar Stoyanov and Mr Todor Kavaldjiev. There innauguration took place on Jan. 22, 1997.

According to the Constitution the President is the head of state, personifying the unity of the nation and representing the Republic of Bulgaria in international relations. In his/her activity, the President is to be assisted by the Vice-President. The President is elected directly for a period of five years. The President's institution is eligible for each Bulgarian citizen over forty years of age who meets the electoral eligibility requirements for Members of the Parliament and has been resident in Bulgaria for the five years preceding the elections. A candidate is considered elected provided he/she has polled more than 50% of the votes with the electoral participation exceeding 50% of all votes. In case none of the candidates qualifies, a ballot is conducted within seven days, for the first two candidates who have polled the largest number of votes. The presidential elections have to be conducted not earlier than three months and not later than two months before the expiration of theincumbent President's powers.

Major Powers. The President has the following powers:

  • Office of the President. The activities of the Presidency departments as well as the recruitment of the staff therein are subject exclusively to the President's powers.
  • President's cabinet director - Mr Iliya Lazarov

    Vice-President's cabinet director - Mr Nikolay Nenchev


    Chief administrative secretary - Mr Rumen Hristov

    Secretary on Agrarian Reform - Mrs Valkana Todorova

    Secretaries on Foreign Policy - Mr Vladimir Filipov

    Secretary on National Defense - Mr Kiril Vasilev

    Secretary on Internal Affairs - Mr Konstantin Todorov

    Secretary on Economy - Mr Krasimir Angarski

    Secretary on National Security - Mr Tsvetan Totomirov

    Secretaries on Legal Issues - Mr Plamen Bogoev, Mrs Sevinch Solakova, Boyka Yantcheva

    Press Secretary - Mrs Neri Terzieva


  • Annual budget of the Presidency:

    1995: 41.777 mln. Bulgarian Levs (BGL)

    1996: 48.840 mln. BGL (54.600 mln. BGL updated)

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